ADHD & ADD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been known about for a long time. It has undergone several name changes, one time being known as: ‘hyperkinesias’, hyperactivity, Attention deficit disorder (ADD), the old term for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) however is more commonly used for adults. Around 5% of the world human population may have this condition, whether they are adults or children. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States approximates that there are about 4.4 million children in the country that are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

As with other problems, there are different degrees of severity. A large proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) display feature of dyslexia and dyspraxia. ADHD is characterized by inability to pay attention, hyperactivity, problems with learning, distractibility, and carelessness. Thus, a child who cannot concentrate, moves around constantly; has poor school performance and has disruptive behavior may be suffering with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). . The CDC also said that when a child cannot pay attention to school work and is often forgetful, loses focus in a task or specific activity, does not like organization, and does not like activities that require mental efforts, he or she may possible have ADD or ADHD.

Hyperactivity can be manifested when he or she is unable to sit still when instructed to. He often stands up when there is not need to, or likes to climb places where he shouldn’t be. He may also not enjoy quiet activities. A child with ADHD may also talk excessively, and may be impulsive as well. Impulsivity is described as not waiting for his turn, interrupts conversations of other people, or blurts out answers right away.

A child with ADHD may have problems with relationships with his peers. He may have a poor performance in school, and maybe likely to get into trouble or reprimanded by school authority. There have been studies that observed children with ADD or ADHD as being very shy, having no close friends, or avoids socializing with his peers. If not dealt with, the condition may last until the adolescent years and into adulthood. This may make the child susceptible to mood swings or possibly substance abuse. The condition may also pose health risks to the child, as he often presents himself to scenarios where he could get injured.

At times all children are hyperactive children. But this is not ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is thought to affect between three percent and five percent of the school age population. Some evidence exists to show that some ninety percent of suffers are boys.

People with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) appear to be intensely restless and impulsive - if they think about it - they do it, sometimes with disastrous results. They often find it difficult paying attention for the shortest possible time, thereby causing problems with organization and completing routine tasks.

There is evidence from school that such children tend to get into trouble and worse, get in trouble with the police.

You do not grow out of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), but you do learn to modify your behavior.

Signs and Symptoms of Add Adhd

Diagnosing ADHD and ADD (add adhd checklist)

In order to make a diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the symptoms are usually:

  • Inattention appears to be not listening; difficulty in organizing tasks; forgetful in daily activities; not following rules of games or activities; inability to think abstractly, conceptualize, or generalize.
  • Hyperactivity signs of excessive gross motor activity, feelings of restlessness, difficulty in participating in quiet sedentary activities.
  • Impulsivity engaging in potentially dangerous activities without consideration of possible consequences, interrupting or intruding on others inappropriately.

When assessing for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) it is important that everyone concerned with the child is given the chance to participate in the assessment. This comprehensive study should include:

  • Family history.
  • Behavior as a baby, restless, noisy, screening.
  • Childish behaviour
  • Medical development.
  • Playgroup behavior.
  • School behavior.
  • Home behavior.

ADD ADHD Treatment: Assisting the children

When a parent realizes that his or her child may have this neurobehavioral condition, what should be done? When the above mentioned symptoms have been observed for long periods of time, and when it is coupled with hyperactivity, the child may need to be brought to a medical professional for add adhd testing. Because the condition may last way into adulthood, it is best to have the child analyzed by a professional right away. Psychotherapy with a child psychologist may help the child realize how important social skills and making friends are. At present there are many research efforts that are being done to find ways of dealing with this condition. There are also resources that offer solutions for families on how the stresses of dealing with ADHD can be lessened.

There are various ways and people who can assist children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), these include:

  • Psychotherapy.
  • Intellectual behavior therapy.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Teacher training.
  • Classroom support.
  • Support groups for the children and their parents.

How can you assist the child? There are lots of ways of making things easier to your children and yourself. Some ways include:

  • Praise, praise and praise.
  • Ignoring the bad behavior should be avoided
  • Good behavior should be rewarded.
  • Make sure you are directly looking at the child and make eye contact when you speak to him.
  • At a time one instruction should be given.

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